Key Stage 4

At key stage 4 students in Year 9, 10 and 11 all follow a course in PSHCE for one 60 minute lesson a week.

Year 9

In year 9 students follow 8 units of study in PSHCE

Unit 1 Citizenship, the media and young people

y9unit1In this unit students will consider the power and influence of the media. Students will look at the similarities and differences between the tabloids and broadsheets and the strengths and weaknesses of both. Students will consider the concept of bias and look at the power of advertising. Students will consider how the media reporting can lead to group blame and misplaced blame. Students will know and understand how the world has changed since 9/11. Students will explore the media's representation of young people in order  to understand about the power of the media in helping to form public opinion about different groups in society. At the end of the unit there is an assessment which will be levelled to show progress by the students.

Unit 2 Human Rights and Hate crime

Y9unit2In this unit students will expand on previous work done in PSHCE on Human Rights by considering the nature of hate crime. Students  will be looking at the part that hate may play in a criminal act. We are learning about this because it is important to understand the consequences of such crimes for all of us. we will be looking at a number of different types of Hate Crime and the Law. We are learning about this because it is important to understand that hate strips people of their Human Rights and damages all of us. Students will consider the treatment of disabled and handicapped people and the story of Sophie Lancaster as examples of how hate crime can affect individuals, families and society itself.

Unit 3 Careers and economic matters

y9unit3In this unit students  will find out about the options open to us and the school's curriculum offer including opportunities provided through vocational options.  Students will look at the implications of decisions for our choices Post 16.  We will learn about the National Qualifications Framework and the main pathways and routes available plus the new 14 -19 diplomas. It will help us develop our own decision-making capabilities and recognise the importance of qualifications. we will explore possible careers based on our likes and dislikes using a computer program to match our answers to suitable jobs. We are learning this because it is a useful starting point to help plan our future career.  It will help provide us with ideas which we can research and find out how suitable they are for us. we will find out what Labour market information is and the factors that affect it. We are learning this because understanding future job predictions will help us to take advantage of opportunities in the future we will prepare to complete an individual learning plan.  We will do this by: reviewing subjects, skills and interests, thinking about careers plans and raising aspirations, reviewing personal development and learning goals and establishing long-term career plans. Students will consider different attitudes towards gambling for money.  We are learning this because for many people gambling is a form of entertainment that can have positive and negative consequences for themselves and their families. will think about what are the options if we need to borrow money.  We are learning this because not all the lenders of money tell us the whole truth about debt and it is easy to make decisions about money.

Unit 4 Britain and identity

y9unit4In this unit students will consider the importance aspects of Britain and being British and what they consider to be important about Britain and being British. Students will formulate opinions and arguments about the importance of the Monarchy and  produce a poster/presentation about important Citizenship event of the last 60 years. Students will understand that the Commonwealth is a group of nations that have shared ideals and will be able to identify some countries in the Commonwealth and know that it has its origins in the British Empire. Students will also be able to critically assess its effectiveness and be able to compare and contrast the commonwealth to other international organisations. Students will be looking at how people look at Britain and what is considered to be British characteristics. We are learning about this so that we can reinforce values of toleration, respect, honesty, fairness and integrity. We need to get over the idea that being British does not mean one thing or one type and being British is inclusive of faith, colour, culture.

Unit 5 Citizenship, the Law and Justice

y9unit5In this unit our students will be looking at what types of crime there are and how people are punished and looking at how effective CCTV would be in reducing crime. The dangers of Knife and gun crime and considered and students look at the ways police work to reduce crime and introduces an International Dimension.  How law courts work also plays an important part of this unit in demonstrating to students how the law works.

Unit 6 Drugs education

y9unit6This unit builds on the students’ prior knowledge and understanding of alcohol, tobacco and solvent abuse by  introducing the dangers of different types of drugs. Students will identify drugs which are legal and illegal,  consider the different ways drugs can be categorised, and give opinions on the different categories. Students will become more aware of the different risks around different drugs and try to explain a personal viewpoint on the reasons as to why people choose to take these drugs. Students will understand that different drugs carry different dangers recognise the behaviours of a drug user and know where to get help. Students will be able to offer sound advice and warn about the dangers of taking drugs.  Students will, in groups, design a board game that can be played by year 7 students. The games will then be given to some year 7 students who will fill out assessment forms which will then be returned to the students so they can have some feedback. This will help inform others about the dangers of drugs and encourage students to participate in the school community as responsible and active citizens. Students will also complete the three year programme on alcohol awareness by studying the final part of the alcoholic anonymous course began in Year 7.

Unit 7 Relationships and sex education

Y9unit7Building on work done earlier at KS3 students will further develop their understanding of the need to work co-operatively and supportively in a whole group throughout the RSHE Unit.  Students will also increase their awareness of a range of sexualities and recognize that people are of equal value regardless of their sexual orientation, and that we each have a responsibility to work and behave inclusively. We are learning all this because as we grow up and mature we will increasingly meet and socialize with people from a range of backgrounds who may have different value systems from our own, and it is important to develop self awareness and see how our actions and behaviour can positively include people who are different from ourselves. Students  will explore possible reasons for starting a sexual relationship and consider the positive and negative impact of doing so.  Students will develop their understanding of the range of influences on young people to become sexually active, and explore attitudes and values on when a young person can tell if they are ready for a sexual relationship. We are learning all this because as we grow up and mature it is important to be aware of external influences to have a sexual relationship and understand that personal decisions should be based on when it is right for each individual, and that this will vary for everyone. Students will develop our understanding of sexual exploitation and grooming including the modern phenomenon of sexting and shaming. We are learning all this because it is important as we grow up and mature that we are aware of sexual exploitation and the tactics that sexual predators may use to lure young girls into prostitution. Students  will raise their awareness of Sexually Transmitted Infections, and explore how someone may feel if they have contracted an STI.  The department also teaches about how pornography is changing the expectations that sexual partners have on each other and how the unrealistic depiction of sexual activity in pornography is leading to unhealthy sexual relationships. Students will develop their skills to find out information and knowledge on the importance of seeking treatment for an STI. We are learning all this because as we grow up and mature it is important that we understand that unprotected sex may have physical and emotional consequences and we are learning how to keep ourselves and our partners safe and healthy. Students will increase their knowledge of contraception, safe sex practices and the risks of early sexual activity. Students will also develop skills and understanding of condom use. We are learning all this because as we grow up and mature it is important to understand how to keep ourselves and our partners healthy and safe. Finally students will be taught about the dangers of mixing too much alcohol with sex, pregnancy at a young age and sexual consent. Themes of sexual violence and rape will discussed in the classroom. 

Unit 8 Politics

y9unit8In this unit students will gain knowledge and understanding of what politics is and know how politics affects our lives. Students will be able to identify  leading politicians and their jobs and consider how important these jobs are in the running of the country. Students will learn about the struggle for universal suffrage and know how voting is done in the UK.  Students will know who the major political parties are and who their leaders are and be able to describe some of the features and functions of political parties. Students will know that political parties unite like minded people and know that the aim of a political party is to win seats in local and national elections. Students will be able to explain how political parties attract voters and know that the party with the most votes at a national election will form the government. Students will know the role of the council in national and local politics and understand that councils have to balance their budget. Students will be introduced to the EU and the countries with EU membership. Students will  highlight the advantages and disadvantages of EU membership and be able to identify the benefits of membership and rank in order of importance.

Year 10 and 11

In Year 10 and 11 students follow a general PSHCE course similar to what has been studied in Years 7, 8 and 9 but this course is linked to a qualification called Preparation for Working life. As part of this course students will complete 3 pieces of coursework and undertake an end of year examination done in Year 11. If pupils complete the required work and sit the examination they can achieve either a Level 1 qualification which would give them a grade F at GCSE or a Level 2 qualification which would give them a grade B at GCSE. The great majority of pupils complete the requirements of the course to a good standard and achieve in the main Level 2.

Unit 1 The Law and Justice

ks41pshceIn this unit students will define the concept of a ‘law’, be able to evaluate the societal need for laws and distinguish between criminal and civil laws. Students will be introduced courts and be able to highlight differences between the magistrates and crown court. Students will consider the different roles of the different participants in the court system. Students will be taught to know and understand the purpose of the law system and consider new ideas to punishment. By planning and participating in an imaginary court case students will have an understanding of the different roles within a Crown court and be able to explain some of the key processes of a court proceeding. Students will be introduced to the Crown Prosecution Service and the difference between the Magistrates' Court and Crown Court. We will also find out about parts of the police force. We are learning about this because it is important for us to understand the differences between the courts and the different parts of the police force.  Students will also consider the age of criminal responsibility.

Unit 2 Rights and responsibility

ks42pshceStudents will be looking at rights and responsibilities, how they fit together and the differences between moral and legal responsibilities. We are learning about this because it is important that we have some understanding of what we mean by rights and responsibilities and to practice the skill of debate and discussion be looking at volunteering and asking why would people do something for little or no pay. There will also be the opportunity to find out about a voluntary organization. We are learning about this because even without us realising it, volunteers play a big role in society. We will also listen to an outside speaker form a voluntary organization. We are learning about this to try and understand the reasons for volunteering and to gather information about the range of different voluntary activities. Students will be exploring and discussing where personal responsibility starts and ends? We are learning about this because all us have a responsibility for our own actions and the impact they may have on others. Students will be exploring some of the issues around rape, the myths and facts and establishing where responsibility rests. We are learning about this because all relationships should have a firm foundation of respect for the rights of the other individual and to understand that all individuals have responsibility for their own actions. Students will also consider welfare benefits, body scanners and euthanasia as examples of where rights and responsibilities can cause conflict.

Unit 3 International relations

ks43pshceIn this unit students will explore reasons for and examples of armed conflicts around the world. Students will be asked to research and produce a poster or leaflet explaining the causes and effects of a chosen conflict in the world. This work will then be assed and levels given to show pupil progress,. Students will be introduced to the concept and reality of child soldiers in the world, be able to identify countries /areas around the world that have child soldiers and be able to empathise about how child soldiers are affected by their experiences. Students will know the advantages and disadvantages of a country having nuclear weapons,  the effects of nuclear weapons on humans and their property and form our own opinion about nuclear weapons. Students will be introduced to the idea of the European Union and be able to consider the advantages and disadvantages of EU membership and the Euro, be able to give an opinion on membership of the EU and be able to explain why they think this. Students will be able to highlight the different institutions that make up the European parliament and name the responsibilities of each institution within the EU parliament. Students will be introduced to the UN, its role and how it works,  the role the UK has within the UN and some important decisions that the UN as made that have had an impact internationally. Students will be expected to think critically about the UN, what should its role be and how much power does it actually have?

Unit 4 Careers and Work Experience

ks44pshceIn this unit our students will prepare for their work experience out of school by considering important aspect of work. Students will be taught interview skills and how to apply for jobs/college course etc. Health and safety knowledge and understanding will also be an important part of this unit.

Unit 5 Global Citizenship and Human Rights

ks45pshceThe unit explores the concept of terrorism and challenges the students to ask the question, 'what is it that identifies a group as terrorist? The lessons move from case studies of a range of 'terrorist' organisations, a fictional case study of national government and the interests of a super power, through to 9/11 and the attacks on London. The emphasis throughout the unit is to challenge conventional thinking. The end result may well be that the students have more questions at the end of the unit than they had at the beginning. The unit is a process of critical thinking. Students will be looking at terrorism and how acts of terrorism can mean different things for different people. We are looking at terrorism because it is important to understand what it is and how at times it can be difficult to see the difference. Students will look at three different groups that some regarded as 'Freedom Fighters' and others regarded as 'Terrorists'. We are learning about this because it is important to try and understand why some people become involved in using violence as a means to achieving an end result. to look at the difficulty and the complexity of dealing with 'terrorism'. We are studying this because it is important for us to understand that often there are no simple answers to dealing with complicated issues. will be looking at the events of September 11, 2001 in the USA. We are looking at this because it is important to try and understand what happened and why. will be looking at the potential conflict between trying to keep people safe and secure and
the protection of human rights. We are learning about this because it is important for us to understand how difficult it is to protect the rights people enjoy and at the same time take some of these rights away.

Unit 6 Relationships and sex education

ks46pshceIn this unit students will follow the Alcho-Sex course that helps students seriously consider the implications of relationships and the effect alcohol and have on relationships for young people. Students  will think about pregnancy and the possible choices young people may have to face.  We will also start to look at the possible affects of alcohol on our actions. We are learning about this because it is important to understand how pregnancy presents a young person with choices that can be difficult to make.  It is also important to be aware of the possible impact of alcohol on our actions. Students will look at the complexity of relationships and how the actions we take can be influenced by alcohol. We are learning about this because it is important to understand how alcohol can affect our choices and result in consequences that we had not intended.  Through the imaginary  relationship between two characters, Michael and Stacey, students will consider the choices they made and the influences on those choices. We are learning about this because it is important to stop and look at how different choices could have resulted in more positive outcomes. Students will look at the attitudes of some young people to sexual relationships and find out how the law attempts to control what we do and protect us. We are learning about this because it is important for us to have a clear picture of how young people see sexual relationships and how this may fit with our own views.  It is also important for us to understand what the law has to say about sexual relationships and its role in trying to protect us from potential harm. Students will consider different types of sexual behaviour and the possible risks to physical and emotional health. We are learning about this because it is important to understand how we can reduce health risks if and when a person becomes sexually active.

Unit 7 Drugs education

ks47pshceIn this unit students will consider what adults and young people know about cannabis and discuss where their information might come from. Students consider what adults and young people know about cannabis and discuss where their information might come from. Students will consider the key information that young people and adults need about cannabis. We are learning to add to our knowledge and understanding about cannabis, cannabis use and cannabis users. Students will assess the risk from using cannabis. We will do this by using the characters from a DVD and a screening tool to see if their cannabis use might be causing them problems (now or in the future). We are learning this so that we know how to assess the potential harm of drug use and to know what support is available for people experiencing problems. Students will also consider the trafficking trade, Who does it affect, What are the effects of trafficking and how can we end trafficking? Students will consider the consequences of using cannabis on society as a whole and  understand how trafficking sustains the drugs trade. Students will know where illegal drugs come from, how drugs enter the UK and consider the impact of the drug trade on individuals.

Unit 8 Preparation for Working life: Self Concept and healthy lifestyles

ks48pshceIn this unit students will consider t what is meant by Self Concept and the ways our Self Concept could be affected and affect our opportunities in life. Students will consider the different stages  of life, they will Identify expected and unexpected changes, all the areas of an individual's life that are impacted by change and the different sources that might be available to support individuals going through change. Students will consider the ways they can keep fit and healthy and consider the dangers of an unhealthy lifestyle.

Unit 9 Preparation for Working life: Employment and Work

ks49pshceStudents will gain knowledge and understanding of the wide variety and types of work available e.g. part-time, fixed term contracts, self employment. Students will gain understanding of the impact of rapidly developing ICT and other technology (to include CAD and CAM) on jobs. Students will gain Knowledge and understanding of the basic principles of computing, e-mail, fax machines, the internet, networking, etc. An appreciation of how ‘new’ technology can result in negative effects (reducing number of employees) as well as positive effects (greater speed and efficiency and reduced costs). Students will consider unemployment and why it may occur e.g. redundancy, ill-health, injury, closure of companies, lack of demand for skills etc. An appreciation of the support systems available to those who are unemployed e.g. signing-on, the concept of being available for work, Job Seekers Allowance, Job Clubs, current government initiatives.

Unit 10 Preparation for Working life: Finance

ks410pshceIn this unit students will gain knowledge and understanding of the way business enterprises operate through the
different types of payment for work e.g. wages, salaries, commission, piecework, fees, bonus, etc. Knowledge of the different methods of payment business enterprises utilise, e.g. cash, cheque, direct to bank/building society account. Students will consider the difference between gross and net pay and the differences between voluntary and compulsory deductions, to include Income Tax, PAYE, National Insurance, Superannuation and Union subscriptions. An understanding of Tax Codes, forms P45 and P60, and what they are used for and what they show.
Students will gain Knowledge and appreciation of the need to develop skills associated with spending money, i.e. essential and non-essential spending, ways of budgeting, the use of hire purchase, direct debit, credit and
debit cards, internet banking etc. Students will the importance of money management, earning, spending, saving and the various forms of borrowing. Students will consider the need for financial planning for the future, particularly pensions and investments. Students will be shown how to access financial guidance.

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